A short trip to the dentist will reveal a couple of minor or significant issues. One of these is tooth decay, which causes tooth discomfort and cavities. If this seems familiar, it is because you are already aware of some of the phases of tooth decay, either through education or a painful experience.

Tooth decay occurs naturally as a result of the foods we eat, as well as the natural accumulation of germs. Bacteria may damage our teeth and create illnesses as it accumulates. Cavities, which are caused by bacteria accumulation on the teeth, are the beginning of the problem.

These are the reasons we need to wash our teeth twice a day, floss every day, and visit our dentists every six months. Untreated cavities can lead to tooth decay. Symptoms include temperature or sweetness sensitivity, tooth discoloration, halitosis or foul breath, painful biting, and unpleasant taste in the mouth.

As tooth decay advances, it can manifest itself in several unpleasant and uncomfortable ways within a person’s mouth. To learn more about it, here’s a quick overview of the stages of tooth decay:

The Stages

1. Teeth Discoloration

Tooth decay first manifests as white patches or yellowing of the teeth. This is produced by sugars and acids that accumulate on the teeth over time, prompting brushing to eliminate them.

2. Enamel Damage

Enamel is our teeth’ outer essential structure. Too much damage will necessitate dental intervention. Many people will begin to feel cavity symptoms at this stage, such as sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods and beverages.

3. Dentin Breakdown

When the enamel of a tooth deteriorates, a person is likely to experience some amount of discomfort. This implies germs and decay have reached the dentin tissue under the enamel, mandating a dental treatment such as fillings.

4. Pulp Infection

Beneath each tooth is the pulp which holds the nerve endings. The pulp, which contains the nerve endings, is located beneath each tooth. When decay reaches the tooth’s pulp, there will be severe mouth pain, tooth pain, or even jaw discomfort. A root canal and protective crown will likely also be required to relieve discomfort and prevent bacteria from spreading and turning into a more severe infection.

5. Tooth Abscess

Tooth decay can advance to the tip of the tooth’s root beneath the pulp at the last and most dangerous stage, resulting in a severe infection. If the infection spreads beyond this point, it can cause damage to the surrounding tissues and bones and be applied to the bloodstream. If left untreated, it can lead to death.

Treatment and Possible Reversal

Depending on the stage, tooth decay treatments may involve additional cleaning at home. This can come in various forms, such as fluoride toothpaste, a filling from your dentist, root canal therapy, tooth extraction, and replacement with a dental implant.

Fortunately, excellent dental hygiene can help to reverse tooth decay. The intake of fluoridated water is another entirely passive defense against cavities since it aids in the rebuilding of our teeth’ enamel. Furthermore, fluoride toothpaste and mouthwashes are widely available at shops, pharmacies, or through your dentist.


As with other oral health issues, it’s essential to contact your dentist as soon as you have any doubts or concerns about your dental health. Meanwhile, keep up your regular dental hygiene routines, and you’ll see a change. Finally, by visiting your dentist twice a year for dental cleanings, you will be able to detect the early signs of tooth decay before it is too late!

Are you looking for a dentist in Marietta, Georgia? Kabani Dental delivers top performance in dentistry as we are committed to restore and improve your overall oral health. From comprehensive treatments to modern techniques, you’ll get only the best services. Call us today or schedule your appointment online!